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4.4 多个形容词修饰名词的顺序

      多个形容词修饰名词时,其顺序为:
      限定词--数词--描绘词--(大小,长短,形状,新旧,颜色) --出处--材料性质,类别--名词
       a small round table
       a tall gray building
       a dirty old brown shirt
       a famous German medical school
       an expensive Japanese sports car

    典型例题:
    1) Tony is going camping with ___ boys. 
      A. little two other B. two little other  C. two other little  D. little other two
      答案:C。由"限定词--数词--描绘词--(大小,长短,形状,新旧,颜色) --性质--名词"的公式可知数词,描绘词,性质依次顺序,只有C符合答案。

    2) One day they crossed the ____bridge behind the palace.
     A. old Chinese stone   B. Chinese old stone  C. old stone Chinese  D. Chinese stone old
     答案A. 几个形容词修饰一个名词,他们的排列顺序是:年龄,形状,大小+颜色+来源+质地+用途+国家+名词。

    3) ---- How was your recent visit to Qingdao?
     ---- It was great. We visited some friends,and spent the ___days at the seaside.
     A. few last sunny  B. last few sunny  C. last sunny few  D. few sunny last
    答案:B。本题考查多个形容词的排序问题。一般与被修饰形容词关系密切的形容词靠近名词;如果几个形容词的重要性差不多,音节少的形容词在前,音节多的方在后,在不能确定时,可参照下表:

    限定词+数量词(序数词在前,基数词在后)+性状形容词+大小、长短、高低等形体+
    those + three + beautiful + large + square 

    新旧+颜色+国籍+材料+名词
    old + brown + wood + table

上一条4.3 用形容词表示类别和整体 下一条4.5 副词及其基本用法

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