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3.20 few, little, a few, a little

    (a) few + 可数名词, (a) little + 不可数名词
     a few / a little 为肯定含义,还有一点
     few / little 为否定含义,没有多少了。
     He has a few friends.   他有几个朋友。
     He has few friends.    他几乎没有朋友。
     We still have a little time. 我们还有点时间。
     There is little time left.几乎没剩下什么时间了。

    典型例题:
      Although he 's wealthy,he spends___ on clothes.
      A. little  B. few C. a little  D. a few
      答案: A. spend所指的是钱,不可数,只能用little或 a little. 本句为although引导的让步状语从句,由句意知后句为否定含义,因此应用little表示几乎不。

    固定搭配:
      only a few (=few)  not a few (=many)  quite a few (=many)
      many a (=many)
      Many books were sold.
      Many a book was sold.
       卖出了许多书。

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